Sport and Recreation

Cycling involves a number of tools such as the usual two-wheeled bicycles, unicycles, tricycles, and other human-powered vehicles or HPVs. Bicycles were first introduced in the 19th century. They are known to be the primary means of transportation in a number of regions. At the present time, it has reached its number to about one billion worldwide.

Cycling is a very effective and efficient mode of transportation. It is particularly best for short to moderate distances. In comparison to motor vehicles, bicycles provide a number of benefits such as exercise. It can also be used as an alternative to fossil fuels, preventing air and noise pollution as well as reducing traffic congestion. Bicycles are also easier to park and have greater manoeuvrability. Moreover they have access to both paths and roads.

The advantages of cycling can be pointed towards the lesser financial costs that the user and the society has to pay such as negligible damage to the roads and less pavements. However, disadvantages as well as criticisms are made due to the reduced rash protection with motor vehicles, longer periods of travelling especially in less populated areas, difficulty of transporting passengers, the skill and fitness it requires and the vulnerability to weather changes.

Cycling is considered as a good physical exercise. It is linked with increased health and well-being. According to the WHO (World Health Organization), physical inactivity is the second health risk in developed countries. Physical inactivity is also linked with billions of dollars of costs of healthcare. Thus, the WHO suggests that physical activity in the form of cycling must be engaged with. People who engage in cycling on a regular basis can get as much health benefits. Approximate 20 years of life are added to people who practice physical activity such as cycling.

Bicycles are used by people in order to improve their cardiovascular health. Thus, cycling becomes an effective way to help those who suffer from arthritis. Since cycling can be easily used as a means of transportation, it requires less discipline to perform this type of exercise.

Cycling is definitely considered as a non-weight bearing exercise. It does little in promoting bone density. However, cycling out and up the saddle provides benefits by transferring the weight of the rider to his legs. On the other hand, excessive cycling while standing can cause damage to the knees. Before, people thought of cycling while standing as less energy efficient. However, recent researches proved that this is not true. Aside from the resistance from air, you do not waste energy if you perform cycling while standing correctly.